Brake Shoe Set
Do your car brakes scrape or squeal while driving or whenever you step on the pedal? Then you better take a good look at the braking system since these unusual noises are signs that there's something wrong with your brakes. Once you've done some troubleshooting and you've identified broken rear brake shoes as the culprits, replace them as soon as possible. Fortunately, installing new brake shoes is relatively easy, provided you have basic repair skills and access to the right tools. Here's how:
- Brake shoe removal tool
- Brake spring tool
- Jack and jack stands
- Lug nut wrench
Step 1: Secure your vehicle using a jack and jack stands.
Loosen your car's lug nuts with a lug wrench, but don't remove them yet. Then lift up your vehicle with a jack and jack stands on a level surface. To prevent the front wheels from rolling, use chocks on them. Don't forget to release the parking brake.
Step 2: Remove the wheel.
Since you've already loosened the lug nuts in the previous step, removing them should be a breeze. After completely removing the lug nuts, carefully pull off the wheel and tire from the assembly.
Step 3: Remove the brake drum
Before you can access the brake shoe, you need to first remove the brake drum. The drum is usually held in place by a single bolt at the center. Remove this bolt with a wrench or socket, and you should be able to easily remove the drum and other supporting components such as the cotter pin and safety cap.
Step 4: Remove the old brake shoe set.
Once you've removed all the parts that get in the way, you should be able to see the old brake shoe set. Start by prying off the pins with your hand. Set aside the pins and pop the brake shoes off their brackets. Now once you've removed the old brake shoe and its supporting components, reassemble them on your work bench so you'll know where those springs, clips, and brackets go. Keep in mind that assembling a new brake shoe set can be confusing, what with all the small parts included.
Step 5: Reassemble the new brake shoe set.
Before you install the new brake shoe assembly, reassemble it first by using the old set as a guide. Take note which clip or spring is attached to which bracket or clamp. Any mistake here can lead to serious brake malfunctions. If you're planning on reusing some of the parts from the old kit, transfer them into the new set to prevent confusion later on.
Step 6: Install the new brake shoe set.
Place the brake shoes over the brackets, which is located at the bottom. Compress the pistons, which are located at the top, to make the assembly slide over the wheel cylinder easily. Once you have the top and bottom placed in position, attach the spring loaded pins that hold the brake backing plate in place. You can do this by compressing the pin and spring and giving the pin a twist until it locks in position.
Reinstall all the other parts you've removed (drum brakes, wheel, tire), and you should be good to go. Don't forget to take your car for a test drive.